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December 8, 2011

Kamis, 15 Desember 2011 | 18:28 oleh Dyah Megasari
IKLIM INVESTASI
Selamat! Indonesia genggam investment grade
kontan

HONG KONG/SINGAPURA. Indonesia berhasil menggenggam predikat investment grade setelah 14 tahun menunggu. Lembaga pemeringkat kelas dunia, Fitch Ratings menyematkan posisi istimewa ini.

Ranking utang Indonesia naik menjadi BBB- dari BB. “Prospek Indonesia stabil,” jelas Fitch melalui rilis Kamis (15/12). Indonesia, kehilangan peringkat ini pada Desember 1997 saat krisis keuangan menghantam Asia.

“Upgrade ini mencerminkan pertumbuhan yang kuat dan ekonomi negara yang tangguh. Penurunan rasio utang publik dan cukup rendah memperkuat likuiditas eksternal dan kerangka kebijakan makro secara keseluruhan,” terang Director in Fitch’s Asia-Pacific Sovereign Ratings group Philip McNicholas.
Setelah 14 tahun, RI akhirnya kembali ke peringkat investasi

Oleh Irvin Avriano A., M. Tahir Saleh

Kamis, 15 Desember 2011 | 18:46 WIB

bisnis indonesia

JAKARTA: Setelah menunggu selama 14 tahun, Indonesia akhirnya kembali meraih peringkat investasi (investment grade) dari lembaga pemeringkat internasional, Fitch Ratings, dari BB+ menjadi BBB- yang berarti termasuk kategori negara layak investasi.

Kenaikan peringkat Indonesia itu adalah untuk peringkat utang jangka panjang dalam mata uang asing dan rupiah dengan prospek stabil. Fitch juga menakan peringkat Country Ceiling Indonesia menjadi BBB- dari BB+ dan peringkat utang jangka pendek pada F3.

Dalam kategori Fitch, peringkat terendah layak investasi adalah BBB- dan peringkat tertinggi adalah AAA. Indonesia kehilangan peringkat investasi pada 1997, sesaat setelah negara oleng dihantam krisis moneter yang serta-merta diikuti pergantian rezim.

“Penaikan peringkat merefleksikan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang kokoh, tingkat rasio utang rendah, memperkuat likuiditas eksternal, dan kebijakan makro yang cukup hati-hati,” ujar Director Asia-Pacific Sovereign Ratings Fitch Philip McNicholas melalui situs resmi di Singapura, hari ini.

Fitch memproyeksikan pertumbuhan PDB Indonesia rata-rata lebih dari 6,0% per tahun selama periode proyeksi hingga 2013 meskipun di tengah pusaran kurang kondusifnya perekonomian global.

Philip menilai salah satu kekuatan ekonomi Indonesia adalah ekonomi berorientasikan konsumsi domestik. Keunggulan itu mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi yang relatif kokoh tanpa terganggu ketidakseimbangan eksternal. (Bsi)
Indonesia gets back investment-rade rating; easier attract investment

Oleh Ratna Ariyanti

Kamis, 15 Desember 2011 | 18:28 WIB

bisnis indonesia

JAKARTA: Indonesia gets its investment-grade rating back as Fitch Ratings has upgraded the rating of the country’s sovereign debt.

In a statement published today, Fitch said the long-term foreign and local currency debt was raised to BBB- from BB+. The outlook on both ratings is stable.

“The upgrades reflect the country’s strong and resilient economic growth, low and declining public debt ratios, strengthened external liquidity and a prudent overall macro policy framework,” said Philip McNicholas, Director in Fitch’s Asia-Pacific Sovereign Ratings group.

Fitch projects gross domestic product growth to average more than 6.0% per annum over the forecast period to 2013, despite a less conducive global economic backdrop.

Indonesia’s domestically-oriented economy and success in delivering relatively strong economic growth without the creation of external imbalances, or a reliance on short-term external financing suggests economic growth prospects should prove resilient to external shocks, as was the case in 2008.

As earlier reported, the return of investment grade rating would enable the country to attract more foreign investment. Despite Europe economic turmoil, Indonesia’s gross domestic product in 2012 is projected to remain robust. (msw)

Kamis, 15 Desember 2011 | 18:01 oleh Herlina KD
IKLIM INVESTASI
Indonesia optimis investment grade
kontan

JAKARTA. Meski dampak krisis Eropa bisa merembet ke berbagai negara di dunia, termasuk Indonesia, pemerintah optimis tidak lama lagi Indonesia bisa mencapai peringkat investasi alias investment grade.

Direktur Jenderal Pengelolaan Utang Rahmat Waluyanto mengungkapkan Indonesia tinggal menunggu waktu untuk bisa meraih peringkat investasi. Pasalnya, beberapa indikator makro Indonesia mendukung untuk mencapai peringkat investasi.

“Tidak ada yang menjadi perhatian serius (dari lembaga pemeringkat). Debt to GDP kita turun, inflasi terjaga, fiskal juga bagus, defisit kita masih sangat rendah,” ujarnya Kamis (15/12).

Indikator lainnya, tutur Rahmat imbal hasil (yield) obligasi pemerintah sudah cukup landai. Ia mencontohkan, imbal hasil global sukuk yang diterbitkan pemerintah ada November lalu hanya sebesar 4%. “Credit Default Swap (CDS) Indonesia juga sudah sekitar 150 basis poin untuk (surat utang bertenor) lima tahun, itu sudah masuk dalam kategori investment grade,” ungkapnya.

Menurut Rahmat, pihaknya sudah bertemu dengan beberapa lembaga pemeringkat investasi (rating agency) dan semua lembaga ini memberikan sinyal positif terhadap peringkat investasi Indonesia dan siap memberikan investment grade. Hanya saja, lembaga pemeringkat ini masih melihat situasi pasar global yang penuh ketidakpastian. “Mereka relatif hati-hati, jadi kemungkinan mereka menunggu dulu,” terang Rahmat.

Meski krisis Eropa bisa berisiko merambat ke negara lain, tapi Rahmat berharap krisis ini tidak akan menghambat Indonesia untuk mendapatkan peringkat investasi.

“Mudah-mudahan tidak (terhambat) karena eksposur perbankan kita dengan (perbankan) Eropa dan perbankan Eropa ke kita sangat minimal dan ekspor kita (ke Eropa) juga kecil. Jadi transmisi krisis melalui financial market, banking dan sektor riil itu kecil terhadap Eropa. Seharusnya Indonesia tidak ada masalah,” jelasnya.

TOKYO, Dec 14, 2011 (AFP)
Japan has purchased 13 percent of the eurozone rescue fund’s latest bond sale, a government official said Wednesday, as the region continues fundraising to help contain its sovereign debt crisis.

The Japanese government bought 260 million euros ($338 million) of the three-month bills, or 13 percent of the 1.972 billion euros raised by the bailout fund, the official said.

Data published by Germany’s Bundesbank showed there was strong demand for the debt issued by the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF).

The sale was oversubscribed by more than three times with investors bidding a total 6.286 billion euros, the German central bank said.

Japan bought 10 percent, or 300 million euros worth of an earlier sale in November, lower than the average 20 percent it purchased in three other bond sales from the start of the year.

The four previous sales comprised medium and long-term bonds while the latest issue was short-term bills.

Tokyo has voiced concern over the deepening crisis with worries it will dent the country’s fragile economic recovery following Japan’s devastating March quake and tsunami. Europe is a key export market for Japanese products.

The 440-billion-euro rescue fund was created last year to protect vulnerable eurozone nations after Greece was bailed out by the European Union and the International Monetary Fund.

The eurozone wanted to boost the firepower of the EFSF to one trillion euros in case bigger economies such as Italy and Spain need bailouts, but officials have acknowledged that due to the worsening of the debt crisis they will fall well short of the target.

Beijing, (Analisa). Para pemimpin terkemuka China membuka pertemuan yang berlangsung tiga hari pada Senin (12/12) guna menetapkan berbagai prioritas ekonomi negara tersebut untuk 2012.
Pertemuan tahunan tertutup di Beijing itu akan memutuskan berbagai kebijakan menjelang akhir tahun terhadap berbagai ketidakpastian ekonomi yang terjadi di Eropa dan juga Amerika Seirkat, pasar ekspor kunci bagi ekonomi terbesar ke dua dunia itu.

“Central Economic Work Meeting”, yang akan menetapkan kebijakan moneter, dibuka Senin dan akan berakhir Rabu mendatang, pemerintah mengumumkan dalam pemberitaan utama di website-nya.

Pertemuan itu diselenggarakan setelah partai Komunis berkuasa China mengatakan Jumat bahwa negara itu akan menerapkan kebijakan moneter “prudent” pada 2012.

China telah melihat permintaan untuk produk-produknya menurun dalam beberapa bulan terakhir karena para konsumen dari Paris hingga New York menekan pengeluaran karena semakin memburuknya prospek ekonomi.

Harga konsumen naik pada posisi terlemah mereka dalam lebih dari satu tahun pada November dan produk industri tumbuh pada tingkat terendahnya dalam lebih dari dua tahun, menurut data resmi yang dirilis Jumat lalu.

Aktivitas manufaktur sebaliknya mengalami kontraksi pada November untuk pertama kalinya dalam 33 bulan, menambah kekhawatiran ekonomi tersebut. (Ant/AFP)

http://www.analisadaily.com/news/read/2011/12/13/25801/pemimpin_china_bahas_berbagai_prioritas_ekonomi_2012/#.TubXJ1amSfc

Sumber : ANALISADAILY.COM
FDI will grow in RI, region: Survey
kontan english

JAKARTA. A.T. Kearney, a global management consulting firm, says that Indonesia made significant gains as a destination for foreign direct investment (FDI), moving from 20th place in 2010 to 9th place in its recent survey.

Indonesia’s FDI inflows were US$13 billion in 2010, up 160 percent from 2009, fueled by strong growth, a large consumer market and abundant natural resources, according to the survey.

Other major economies in Southeast Asia also recorded a huge upswing in FDI this year, reaping the benefits of low cost labor that was once primarily China’s domain, the firm said in a statement on Thursday.

Malaysia experienced a significant jump on the 2012 FDICI (Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index) moving from 21st to 10th place with inflows up 537 percent in 2010 to $9 billion. This figure would likely be surpassed in 2011 and growth would likely continue based on the sentiments reflected in the index, the firm said.

Singapore, a global financial center and a regional hub for many multinationals, benefited considerably from increasing investment in Southeast Asia, moving to 7th place from 24th in 2010.

The study said that these countries were luring investors with large and increasingly wealthy consumer markets because the region has nearly 600 million people and an economy bigger than India’s.

Two other Southeast Asian countries in the index’s top 25 are Vietnam (14th) and Thailand (16th).

China maintained its No. 1 position because investors are looking to capitalize on its growing consumer market and service industry, as well as its move up the value chain in the technology sector.

India also advanced in the standings, displacing the US in second place. “Given its strong growth and huge market potential, India should see a sustainable rebound if it can continue to reassure investors that it is committed to its current reform path,” A.T Kearney managing director Erik Peterson said in a statement.

Brazil was also a magnet of opportunity, moving to third place from last year’s fourth-place ranking, attracting more than half of all the FDI in South America.

China became Brazil’s largest foreign direct investor in 2010, with the focus of the inflows on commodities and energy, the survey said.(The Jakarta Post)

DECEMBER 8, 2011, 5:01 A.M. ET

Asian Central Banks Hold Rates on Euro Uncertainty
By FARIDA HUSNA And ANDREAS ISMAR
wsj

JAKARTA—The central banks of Indonesia, South Korea and New Zealand held key interest rates Thursday in the absence of clear direction ahead of the European Union summit.

Although Indonesia was one of the first emerging Asian economies to start cutting rates this year and Bank Indonesia has cut rates twice so far this year by a total of 0.75 percentage point, the central bank is widely regarded as one of the most dovish in the region and its decision to hold its overnight benchmark rate at 6% Thursday was in line with expectations.

“Bank Indonesia expects global economic growth to weaken this year, therefore counter-cyclical measures will be needed in the future,” BI spokesman Difi Johansyah said, without disclosing any specific measures.

Mr. Johansyah said the central bank was waiting for the outcome of the EU summit scheduled to take place in Brussels later Thursday and Friday, because Europe is “an important consideration that we factored in.”

Although Indonesia’s headline inflation eased from a year earlier for the third straight month in November, nine of the 13 economists surveyed earlier by Dow Jones Newswires said they expected the central bank to stand pat after recent aggressive loosening measures, adding that the rupiah remains under pressure as global investors seek perceived safe havens amid heightened concerns about the euro-zone sovereign debt crisis.

A Eric Sugandi, an economist at Standard Chartered, said: “It is expected since the rupiah is currently under pressure…Next year, we believe that further cuts may be possible if the global economy worsens.”

Bank Indonesia was widely expected to hold the policy rate steady after data showed core inflation of 4.44% in November, up a tad from 4.43% in October.

However, consumer price index growth eased to 4.15% in November from a year-to-date high of 7.02% in January, and the central bank said it expects 2011 inflation to be below 4%.

The Bank of Korea kept its benchmark interest rate on hold for a sixth straight month, but turned gloomier in its outlook on the global and domestic economies, raising expectations the central bank may start monetary easing next year to underpin growth.

The central bank, as expected, held its policy rate at 3.25%, where it has stood since a 0.25 percentage point increase in June. All 15 analysts surveyed this week by Dow Jones Newswires had forecast the BOK would stand pat at its final rate review of the year.

“The [Monetary Policy] Committee expects the pace of global economic recovery to be very moderate, and judges that downside risks to growth are high, due mostly to the sovereign debt crisis in Europe and to the possibilities of the slumps in major country economies,” the BOK said in a policy statement.

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand held the official cash rate steady at 2.50%, and watered down its mild tightening bias, but, in contrast to other central banks in the region, New Zealand’s central bank continues to expect its next move will be to raise rates.

“Given the current unusual degree of uncertainty around global conditions and the moderate pace of domestic demand, it remains prudent for now to keep the OCR on hold at 2.5%,” RBNZ Gov. Alan Bollard said. He added that there is a risk that conditions weaken further.

“There were few surprises in the statement. The key message is the RBNZ will remain on hold for a considerable time, until offshore risks—both financial and economic—have receded substantially,” said ASB Bank Chief Economist Nick Tuffley.

Australia’s central bank cut its benchmark cash rate by one quarter of a percentage point to 4.25% Monday, its second cut in as many months.
—In-Soo Nam in Seoul and Lucy Craymer in Wellington contributed to this article.
Indonesia Raih ‘Investment Grade’ Tiga Bulan Lagi
Tribun Jogja – Selasa, 6 Desember 2011 12:07 WIB

JAKARTA, TRIBUN – Indonesia memiliki peluang besar untuk meningkatkan nilai investasi asing, setelah negara ini diprediksi meraih “investment grade” dalam tiga hingga enam bulan mendatang.
“Dari informasi AEI, analis dan ‘researcher’, Indonesia akan masuk ‘investment grade’ tiga hingga enam bulan lagi,” kata Ketua Umum Asosiasi Emiten Indonesia (AEI) Airlangga Hartarto di Jakarta, Selasa (6/12/2011).
Namun, kata Airlangga, bersamaan dengan pencapaian itu, cuaca di Eropa dan AS sedang tidak mendukung sehingga dapat mengganggu arus investasi ke Indonesia. “Dengan Indonesia masuk ‘investment grade’, maka para investor akan menganggap investasi di Indonesia akan bagus. Tapi, sayangnya cuaca di Eropa dan AS sedang jelek,” katanya.
Meski begitu, Airlangga tetap yakin dalam waktu tak terlalu lama, atau paling tidak hingga semester pertama tahun depan Indonesia masuk “investment grade”. “Dengan demikian ini akan meningkatkan total investasi, dan kita akan keluar dari krisis ini,” katanya.
Lembaga pemeringkat internasional Fitch Ratings pernah mengatakan akan mempertimbangkan untuk menaikkan peringkat Indonesia menjadi “investment grade” paling cepat 12 bulan ke depan karena rumitnya perhitungan. “Kita masih mempertimbangkan untuk menaikkan Indonesia menjadi ‘investment grade’ kurang lebih 12-18 bulan ke depan. Itu karena ‘credit rating’ itu cukup rumit perhitungannya, tidak bisa hanya satu faktor saja. Ada beberapa faktor yang diperhatikan untuk Indonesia,” kata Head of Sovereign Ratings Asia Pacific Fitch, Andrew Colquhoun, beberapa waktu lalu.
Faktor pertama yang diperhatikan adalah laju inflasi sampai akhir tahun. Menurut Andrew, Bank Indonesia harus bisa mengendalikan inflasi agar terus stabil. Selain itu, infrastruktur juga harus menjadi perhatian. Nasib infrastruktur ini mengacu kepada kebijakan pemerintah yang harus segera melakukan aksi. “Kemudian diperlukan partisipasi asing di pasar obligasi. Karena saya lihat krisis 2008 kemarin Indonesia cukup kuat menghadapinya,” ujar Andrew. (ant)

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