Senin, 07 November 2011 | 06:29 oleh Barratut Taqiyyah, Bloomberg
ANCAMAN KRISIS GLOBAL
Papandreou setuju mundur, pemerintahan koalisi Yunani segera terbentuk
ATHENA. Perdana Menteri Yunani George Papandreou akhirnya menyetujui untuk mengundurkan diri. Selain itu, dirinya juga menyetujui rencana pembentukan pemerintah persatuan nasional, sehingga Yunani bisa mendapatkan bantuan bailout internasional dan menghindari kolapsnya perekonomian.
Berdasarkan pernyataan via email dari kantor kepresidenan Karolos Papoulias di Athena, Papandreou sudah menyatakan bahwa dia tidak akan memimpin pemerintahan yang baru. Hasil pertemuan Papandreou dengan pimpinan partai oposisi Antonis Samaras, juga menyetujui untuk segera membentuk pemerintahan baru secepatnya setelah pengimplementasian keputusan Konsil Eropa 26 oktober lalu.
Kedua belah pihak akan kembali menggelar pertemuan pada hari ini untuk memutuskan siapa yang akan memimpin pemerintahan yang baru, waktu pelaksanaannya, dan mandat pemerintah. Papoulias juga akan memimpin perundingan dengan seluruh pimpinan partai politik hari ini.
Menteri Keuangan Yunani Evangelos Venizelos berharap, pemerintahan koalisi bisa segera disetujui sebelum pertemuan menteri keuangan Eropa di Brussels pada hari ini.
“Banyak sekali pertanyaan mengenai koalisi pemerintahan dan pasar akan semakin khawatir akan adanya perpecahan dalam pengambilan keputusan. Yunani belum keluar dari masalah” jelas Thomas Costerg, ekonom Standard Chartered Bank sebelum pengumuman kemarin.
Keputusan Papandreou gairahkan pasar global
Senin, 07 November 2011 | 06:22 WIB
JAKARTA: Pasar saham di AS tumbuh, setelah sejak September anjlok, setelah PM Yunani George Papandreou menyetujui datangnya bantuan keamanan internasional.
Indeks Standard & Poor’s Future naik 0,5% menjadi 1,256.80 pada pukul 8:13 waktu Tokyo. “Papandreou bertemu Antonis Samaras, pimpinan partai oposisi Yunanni dan menyetujui membentuk pemerintahan baru sem,entara yang bertugas melaksanakan pemilihan umum secepatnya sebagai implementasi keputusan sidang Uni Eropa pada 26 Oktober,” demikian diungkapkan email resmi dari kantir kepresidenan Karolos papoulias di Athena.
Papandreou juga menyatakan tidak berminat lagi memimpin pemerintahan sementara tersebut.
“Jadi kemajuan Yunanti sama dengan kemajuan pasar,” ujar Matt McCormick, a Money Manager Cincinnati-based Bahl & Gaynor Incorporation.
Bursa dunia pada 31 Oktober dan 1 November sempat anjlok setelah papandreou mengumumkan keputusannya untuk menunda referendum yang masuk dalam paket bantuan Uni Eropa.(api)
Greeks agree coalition government without Papandreou
George Papandreou at emergency cabinet meeting, 6 November 2011 George Papandreou had already made clear his willingness to step aside
Greek leaders at crisis talks in Athens have agreed to form a new national unity government, the president’s office says.
Beleaguered Prime Minister George Papandreou will step aside and his successor will be chosen on Monday, the statement said.
He and main opposition leader Antonis Samaras attended Sunday’s talks, hosted by President Karolos Papoulias.
The announcement follows a week of turmoil over Greece’s debt crisis.
Once the new leader has been named, the president will invite all parties to join the new government, the statement said.
Mr Papandreou had been trying to build a national unity government but Mr Samaras, of the New Democracy party, had been refusing to negotiate unless his rival resigned first.
The two men also disagreed sharply on the timing of new elections, with Mr Papandreou seeking a delay of several months while Mr Samaras wanted them immediately.
There has been speculation that the new coalition could be led by Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos.
This was the final act in a week of political turmoil. The prime minister and the leader of the opposition were brought together by Greece’s president to decide on a new national unity government.
Nobody was certain an agreement would be reached. Both sides have played a high-stakes game of political brinkmanship in the last few days.
But both knew patience was waning and this could be the last chance to find consensus.
As the talks continued, Greeks watched and waited. This country has been in the grip of uncertainty for days, political wrangling adding to its financial woes.
In the bars and cafes of Athens, ordinary people are craving stability and a leader who can steer Greece towards calmer waters.
A spokesman for the New Democracy party said it was “absolutely satisfied” with the outcome of the talks.
More discussions are expected on Sunday night with Mr Venizelos and other officials on how quickly A EU bailout deal might be approved and when elections could be held, he said.
“Our two targets, for Mr Papandreou to resign and for elections to be held, have been met,” the New Democracy spokesman told AP news agency, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Mr Papandreou narrowly won a confidence vote on Friday night, but had been under continuing pressure to resign amid chaos over the debt crisis.
The fresh bailout deal was agreed by the European Union last month, but Mr Papandreou faced the wrath of fellow EU leaders when he announced that he would put the deal to the people of Greece in a referendum.
The idea was dropped days later, but not without sparking a deeper financial crisis and triggering the political crisis which led to the confidence vote.
The bailout deal has still not been ratified by Greece, and the EU says no more funds will be released until it has been.
It gives the government 130bn euros (£111bn; $178bn) and imposes a 50% write-off on private holders of Greek debts, in return for deeply unpopular austerity measures.
The country has come under huge international pressure to resolve its political crisis, in order to calm the markets.
The possibility of Greece leaving the euro has also been raised by EU leaders, if it fails to resolve its political and financial problems.
A meeting of EU finance ministers is taking place on Monday, which added to the pressure on Greece to find an early solution to the political deadlock.
News of the crisis talks involving President Papoulias emerged after an emergency cabinet meeting led by Mr Papandreou.
Both Mr Papandreou and Mr Samaras had held separate talks with the president earlier in the weekend.
Papandreou, Samaras Agree to Create National Unity Government for Greece
By Marcus Bensasson – Nov 7, 2011 3:20 AM GMT+0700
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou attends a cabinet meeting in Athens on Sunday. Photographer: Angelos Tzortzinis/Bloomberg
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou and Antonis Samaras, the leader of the main opposition party, agreed to form a government of national unity that will implement decisions related to international financing and then hold elections.
Papandreou won’t lead the new government, according to the statement handed to reporters in Athens today. President Karolos Papoulias will hold a meeting of political party leaders tomorrow. Papandreou and Samaras will meet to decide on the new premier tomorrow as well, according to the statement.
Greece seals deal on new coalition under EU pressure
By Dina Kyriakidou and Paul Taylor
ATHENS/PARIS (Reuters) – Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou sealed a deal on Sunday with the opposition on forming a coalition to approve a euro zone bailout before early elections, breaking an impasse after the EU demanded a rapid end to the political bickering.
Papandreou agreed to stand down when the new government takes over, the office of the Greek president said in a statement, issued after the European Union gave Greece 24 hours to explain how it will form a unity government to enact its 130 billion euro emergency funding package.
“Today was a historic day for Greece,” Greek government spokesman Ilias Mossialos told reporters. A new government would be sworn in and hold a confidence vote within a week if all went to plan, he said.
However, Papandreou’s agreement with conservative leader Antonis Samaras was thin on details, with the new prime minister still to be decided.
“Tomorrow there will be new communication between the prime minister and the opposition leader on who will be the leader of the new government,” said the statement, which made no mention of how long the interim government would rule.
Papandreou and Samaras — who were once U.S. college room mates — had to bury their deep differences and personal animosity, as Greece is deep in economic, political and social crisis, its future in the euro zone is in question, and their reputations among ordinary Greeks are at rock bottom.
“The two leaders had no other choice. If elections were held now, nobody would turn out to vote for them,” said Elias Nikolakopoulos, political science professor at Athens University.
“New elections will probably be held at the end of February or early March. They have no time to implement the EU bailout deal before then,” he added.
PILING ON THE PRESSURE
Brussels has piled pressure on Athens to approve the bailout, a last financial lifeline for Greece, fearing that its crisis will spill into much bigger euro zone economies such as Italy and Spain — which would be much harder to rescue.
Papandreou and Samaras had been scrambling to reach a deal before finance ministers of euro countries meet in Brussels on Monday, to show that Greece is serious about taking steps needed to stave off bankruptcy.
Earlier, European Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn told Reuters finance ministers from countries that use the single currency would insist on hearing a plan for a unity government from their Greek colleague Evangelos Venizelos at Monday’s meeting in Brussels.
“We have called for a national unity government and remain persuaded that it is the convincing way of restoring confidence and meeting the commitments,” he told Reuters. “We need a convincing report on this by Finance Minister Venizelos tomorrow in the Eurogroup.”
Many Greeks, who have suffered pay and pension cuts and massive job losses in the past two years, remained distrustful about politicians of all colours.
“Elections won’t solve any of our problems now. These parties don’t represent us anymore,” said Michalis Skevofylakas, 47, a teacher.
Papandreou, who heads the socialist PASOK party, and New Democracy chief Samaras are due to discuss on Monday morning who will be the new prime minister. Greek media tipped Lucas Papademos, a former deputy president of the European Central Bank, as a possible candidate.
President Karolos Papoulias, who led the talks that produced Sunday’s deal, will summon the head of all leading parties for more negotiations at 1800 GMT on Monday.
(Additional reporting by Lefteris Papadimas, Rene Maltezou and Harry Papachristou; writing by David Stamp; editing by Philippa Fletcher)