Rupiah Berpotensi Menguat
SENIN, 10 MEI 2010 | 08:30 WIB
TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta – IMF yang akan membantu Yunani senilai US$ 40 miliar, serta komitmen Uni Eropa untuk menyediakan dana sebesar US$ 645 miliar untuk mencegah meluasnya krisis utang Yunani mampu meredakan kecemasan pasar.
Sehingga euro berhasil menguat ke level US$ 1,2845 dari posisi sebelumnya dibawah US$ 1,27 yang juga merupakan level terendahnya dalam 14 bulan terakhir. Penguatan euro ini juga mampu memicu terapresiasinya mata uang Asia, termasuk rupiah.
Nilai tukar rupiah pagi ini kembali berada di level 9.205 per dolar AS, atau menguat 10 poin dari penutupan akhir pekan lalu di 9.215.
Dalam sepekan kemarin rupiah melemah 210 poin (2,33 persen) ke level 9.215 per dolar AS dari posisi pekan sebelumnya di 9.005. Ini merupakan level terlemah mata uang lokal dalam dua bulan terakhir sejak 8 Maret lalu.
Praktisi pasar uang salah satu bank di Jakarta, Lindawati Susanto menjelaskan jatuhnya bursa saham global membuat fluktuasi mata uang lokal cukup lebar dan cenderung melemah terhadap dolar AS.
Mundurnya Sri Mulyani sebagai Menteri keuangan juga membuat pasar sempat syok dan berperan terhadap terdepresiasianya rupiah. Dan ini tidak bisa dipungkiri,” kata Linda.
Menurut Linda, belum adanya pengganti Sri Mulyani membuat ketidakpastian dipasar. Sehingga para pelaku pasar lebih memilih untuk memegang dolar AS di saat pasar global juga tidak kondusif.
Adanya intervensi Bank Indonesia untuk menjaga rupiah membuat mata uang lokal masih tertahan di level 9.200 per dolar AS. Jika tidak rupiah pasti sudah menyamai harga transaksi kontrak rupiah di luar negeri (Non-Deliverable Forward) disekitar 9.300 per dolar AS.
Diawal pekan ini, rupiah diperkirakan akan ditransaksikan dalam kisaran antara 9.150 hingga 9.250 per dolar AS.
VIVA B K
IMF board approves nearly $40 billion Greece loan
IMF board votes to approve nearly $40B Greece bailout, part of $140 billion rescue package
Daniel Wagner, AP Business Writer, On Sunday May 9, 2010, 6:41 pm EDT
WASHINGTON (AP) — The International Monetary Fund has put up nearly $40 billion to help bail out Greece and appease investors’ fears of a spreading European debt crisis.
The IMF’s executive board met in Washington Sunday to approve a three-year, euro30 billion loan for the debt-plagued nation, part of a $140 billion package (euro110 billion) negotiated with other eurozone countries.
With hundreds of billions in debts and a budget deficit of 13.6 percent of gross domestic product, Greece was just weeks away from default when eurozone finance ministers agreed to activate a rescue. Greece has enacted tax hikes and deep cutbacks in government spending as a condition of the bailout. The austerity measures have sparked riots and social unrest in the nation.
“The Greek government should be commended for committing to an historic course of action that will give this proud nation a chance of rising above its current troubles and securing a better future for the Greek people,” IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn said in a statement Sunday.
“Today’s strong action by the IMF to support Greece will contribute to the broad international effort under way to help bring stability to the euro area and secure recovery in the global economy,” Strauss-Kahn said.
Eurozone leaders on Saturday approved a $100 billion package of loans to help keep Greece from imploding. Greece will have access to about $7.1 billion (euro5.5 billion) from the IMF on May 12, and will be able to tap a total of about $51.5 billion in combined IMF and EU funds this year. Athens needed to see the first installment of loans before it is due to pay out about $11 billion (euro8.5 billion) on 10-year bonds that come due on May 19. It had raised some cash on its own ahead of the looming bond payment, but not enough to cover the whole amount.
Together, the IMF and EU bailouts give Greece enough money to avoid having to raise private funds for two years, IMF officials said. By that time, Greece hopefully will be strong enough economically to borrow through private debt markets, IMF deputy managing director John Lipsky said in a call with reporters Sunday.
Earlier attempts to stabilize the Greek economy failed to reassure jittery investors, Lipsky said. He said Sunday’s action sends a signal that “the international community is willing to do whatever it takes to help Greece’s government overcome the severe challenges it’s facing.”
Eurozone ministers also are meeting Sunday to consider other measures aimed at stabilizing global markets that were rocked last week by fears that Greece’s debt crisis will spread to other EU nations such as Portugal and Spain and hobble the global economic recovery.
Rushing to finalize an agreement before Asian markets officially open Monday, the ministers were discussing a defense plan for the embattled euro. A proposed aid plan would have the EU Commission make euro60 billion ($75 billion) available while countries from the 16-nation eurozone and the IMF would promise to back bilateral loans and guarantees for up to euro440 billion ($570 billion). EU sources say the ministers hope such a euro defense package would suffice to keep markets from targeting the eurozone’s weaker members.
President Barack Obama continued pressing European leaders to craft a solution robust enough to stabilize markets after volatility last week that rivaled market swings during the peak of the 2008 financial crisis. Obama called German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Nicolas Sarkozy on Sunday to discuss the importance of European Union nations “taking resolute steps to build confidence in the markets,” said White House press secretary Robert Gibbs.